Pupian, located on the northern coast of central Kinmen, was originally named "Kuipu." The place is named after its location, as it is by the sea and there is a cape named Chichitou or Kuichitou in the shape of a cockscomb to the west of the coast. The hall name of the Chou family in Pupian is "Lian Hsi," which indicates they are descendants of Chou Tun-yi, a famous philosopher in the Song dynasty. The pioneer of the Chou family, Chou Tsi, moved to Pupian from Nan'an, Fujian in the early Ming dynasty. His two sons then lived separately and then formed a prosperous clan by the end of the Ming dynasty. The founder of the Chou Residence of Pupian was Chou Pian (1769-1843). The residence, built between 1805 and 1813, was probably intended for his newly-married son. Chou Pian's father, Chou Wen (1734-1815), was a successful businessman in Pupian running a pawnshop. Chou Pian inherited farmland, houses,
and salt fields from his father and worked as a pawnbroker. Afterwards, Chou Tsong-long (1816-1861) inherited the fortune and built another three parts of houses called Ting San Luo, which was even more delicate than the Chou Residence (also named Hsia San Luo). However, most parts of Tin San Luo have collapsed. The Chou Residence of Pupian is typical of the southern Fujian architecture. It includes three parts of houses and a Tu-Kui (a kind of attached building) house added to the right. In addition, there are five rooms on the right side of the front courtyard, which were built by Chou Mao-chuan between 1805 and 1829. The Chou Residence of Pupian was originally used by the Chou family members, but since 1949 the national army had occupied the rear house and the five rooms. In 1992, all the Chou family members moved out of the Chou Residence, and the place has only been used for worshipping the ancestors since then. The spacious residence with raised-ridge roofs is made of brick and wood. There
are delicate carvings, clay sculptures, figure decorations in porcelain, and colorful paintings everywhere inside the residence. It is truly a typical house owned by successful businessmen.